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The Lawrence Jacobsen Library
Videotapes for Grades K-12

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Also See

The Audiovisual Collection of the Wisconsin Primate Research Center Library consists of slides, slidesets, videos (on VHS and DVD), and films that deal primarily with primatology, conservation, anthropology and animal welfare. The following DVDs and VHS cassettes from our collection are particularly suited for a K-12 audience and are available for loan.

K-12 VIDEO LIST

VT0022 Korup: An African Rain Forest
Produced by Phil C. Agland and Partridge Films, Ltd; 38 Mill Lane; London NW6 1NR, UK and World Wildlife Fund. Distributed by Anthony Morris London Ltd., 6 Goodwin's Court, St. Martin's Lane, London WC2N 4LL England, Phone: 01-836-0576
VHS or Beta; col.; 55 min.: 1981

This film documents the life of an African rain forest in Cameroon and the escalating dangers to its survival. Close up photography shows primate feeding and other behavior as well as bird and insect social behavior. The interrelationship of the multitude of life forms making up the forest community are shown in detail. Primates seen include the Preuss' red colobus (Colobus preussi).

DVD0065 / VT0024 Family of Chimps
Produced by Bert Haanstra Films, Netherlands
VHS; col., sd.; 55 min.: 197?

Filmed at the Arnhem Zoo, Netherlands, this film examines the social life of a group of chimpanzees - the relationship between the adult males, the variety of play patterns, and the ingenuity of the troop in defending and exploring their environment.

VT0027 Monkeys of the Clouds
Produced and distributed by Andy Young for World Wildlife Fund - US, Primate Program, 1601 Connecticut Ave. NW, Washington DC 20009
Beta or VHS; col., sd.; 18 min.: 1985

A look at the Peruvian yellow-tailed woolly monkey (Lagothrix flavicauda) and its Andean cloud forest habitat in Northern Peru.

VT0029 Cry of the Muriqui
Produced by Andy Young and distributed by World Wildlife Fund - US, Primate Program, 1601 Connecticut Ave. NW, Washington DC 20009
Beta or VHS; col., sd.; 28 min.: 1982

This film concentrates on two endangered species, the muriqui (Brachyteles arachnoides) and the golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia) using them as examples of what is happening to the Atlantic forest ecosystem in Brazil.

DVD 0006 / VT0038 Among The Wild Chimpanzees
Produced by National Geographic Society; Distributed by Vestron Video, PO Box 4000, Stamford, CT 06907
VHS; col., sd.; 59 min.: 1984

In 1960, Jane Goodall set out for Tanzania's remote Gombe Stream Game Reserve to study the behavior of the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) and has now made many observations about the personalities and lives of a wild chimp community. This program looks at two landmark decades of Goodall's work, including her discovery of chimpanzees making and using tools.

VT0069 Baboon Sanctuary
Produced by Great Belize Productions, Belize
VHS; col., sd.; 10 min.: 1988

Originally aired in Belize as "Belize All Over", this program discusses the conservation effort to save the Guatemalan howler (Alouatta pigra). Behaviors of the howler shown include feeding, play and locomotion. Interviewed about the Community Baboon Sanctuary are local Belizeans involved in the project and consultant Dr. Robert Horwich. The local people of Belize refer to the howlers as "baboons".

VT0102 Monkeys, Apes, and Man
Produced by the National Geographic Society and Wolper Productions, Inc.
VHS; col., sd.; 52 min.: 1971

A variety of nonhuman primates and behaviors are shown, including: mountain gorillas with Dian Fossey; a gibbon brachiating; a close-up of a loris hand; a lemur eating a leaf; squirrel monkeys, golden lion tamarins, bald uakaris, and guenons; de Brazza's monkeys and proboscis monkeys; black and white colobus monkeys leaping across trees; troop movements of baboons and baboons fighting and grooming. Research reported includes: observations of Japanese macaques (snow monkeys) shown foraging, walking upright, swimming, washing food, and displaying facial threat; Harry Harlow's experiments with infant and young rhesus monkeys, and rhesus monkey infant thumb-sucking; responses of chimpanzees to a mechanical leopard; and chimpanzee vocalizations and use of weapons. Jane Goodall's observations of predation, tool use for termite eating, and communication through vocalization by the chimpanzees of Gombe are shown. Narrated by Leslie Nielsen.

VT0107 Tool Users, The
Produced by National Geographic Society, 17th and M Sts., Washington DC 20036
VHS; col.,sd.; 14 min.: 1975

Illustrates the wide range of animal species that use tools and in some instances modify objects in the environment into tools. Examples include weaver ants building a communal nest, the Galapagos finch using thorns to reach insects, Egyptian vultures hurling rocks at ostrich eggs, and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) assembling and using simple tools from stripped twigs to reach termite nests, and the various methods of reaching a swinging banana using a stick. Narrated by Leslie Nielsen.

VT0112 The Gorilla Family's Love / Sex Life / Birth of a Child
Distributed by the Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago
VHS; col., sd.; 52 min: 1982

What started as the study of a pregnant gorilla turned out to be the study of two pregnant gorillas when a second pregnancy developed unforeseen by the keepers. Behaviors shown include eating, adult male charging, chest beating, submission (by adult female), play with rope, cardboard and rags, parenting (by experienced and unexperienced mothers), nursing baby, use of facial expressions (anger, yawn), social and sexual play, fighting and biting, protection of neonate by mother, eating of afterbirth, mounting by adult male on juvenile male. Procedures shown include collection of urine for a pregnancy test; surgery to remove split from a broken leg; and the use of a blowgun for anesthesization.

VT0118 Some Of My Best Friends Are Gorillas
Produced and distributed by the San Diego Zoo
VHS; col., sd.; 72 min.: 1987

Ian Redmond presents a videotaped slide lecture which shows the daily routine of the mountain gorilla (Gorilla g. beringei). He shows such behaviors as foraging, grooming, parenting, and play. He also shows the topography of the Virunga Mountains. Details of the growth and development of a young gorillas are shown. Also presented in slides are a gorilla nest, results of poaching and deforestation, yawn, pelage of silverback, food plants, play face, sunbathing, and rain posture.

DVD 0066 / VT0148 Wilds of Madagascar
A Partridge Films production for the National Geographic Society
VHS; col, sd.; 50 min.: 1989

Zoologist Phil Chapman heads a conservation project to declare the Ankarena plateau in northern Madagascar as a national park. The Ankarena plateau is surrounded on all sides by sharp-ridged mountains, making access to the forest difficult. Primate species seen within Ankarena include the crowned lemur (Lemur coronatus), Sanford's lemur (Lemur fulvus sanfordi) and the rare Perrier's black sifaka (seen eating). Behaviors include foraging for fruit, drinking, parenting, leaping, scent marking, climbing rocks and trees, grooming and use of vocalizations as alarm. Troop interaction is witnessed between Sanford's lemurs and crowned lemurs trying to access the same drinking water. The tape also includes close-ups of lemur hands, and a discussion of their use.

VT0155 Life In The Trees, A
Produced by BBC, 630 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10020.
VHS; col., sd.; 58 min.: 1981

Explores the evolution of primates in a wide range of geographic areas and explains the significance of binocular vision and grasping hands in successful adaption to life in the trees.

VT0161 Leakey
Produced and distributed by the National Geographic Society
VHS; col., sd.; 22 min.: 1983

Anthropologist Louis Leakey (1903-72), his wife Mary and sons Jonathan and Richard, helped to find missing pieces in the puzzle of human evolution through 40 years of patient, dedicated work. When most scientists were concentrating on Asia as the cradle of mankind, the Leakeys explored Africa, and discovered Zinjanthropus (East Africa man), Homo habilis, ancestor of modern man, and a Homo erectus skull dating back 1.5 million years, in Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania. Mary Leakey also discovered fossil footprints of bipedal ancestors that date 3.35 to 3.75 million years old at Laetoli, in northern Tanzania. Louis Leakey was instrumental in advancing primate behavior research, promoting the work of Jane Goodall, Dian Fossey and Birute Galdikas.

VT0163 Saving the Gorilla
Produced and distributed by the National Geographic Society
VHS; col., sd.; 23 min.: 1982

This video shows the international conservation efforts of zoos and several individuals to prevent the extinction of the lowland (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and mountain gorilla (Gorilla gorilla beringei). Lowland behaviors shown: eating, chest beating, failure of mother to nurse newborn, play by infant and adolescents, introduction to adults after handrearing, swinging on rope, facial expression of fear, human-animal interaction, infant clinging to mother, self-grooming. Handreared female lowland gorilla raised by zookeepers from the Basel Zoo in Switzerland (named Goma) is seen crawling, playing with toys, and playing with young male gorilla. Mountain gorilla behaviors shown: eating, foraging, silverback pelage, infant nursing, infants at play, infant climbing tree. At the Basel Zoo, attempts are made to alleviate boredom of the gorillas through the introduction of novel items, such as a roll of paper. The behavioral research of Dian Fossey, the conservation efforts of Amy Vedder, and the education of Rwandans about the gorilla by Bill Weber is also shown and discussed by these primatologists. Includes footage of Fossey's favorite gorilla, Digit, after he had been beheaded by poachers.

VT0164 Chimpanzees
Produced and distributed by the National Geographic Society
VHS; col., sd.; 12 min.: 1974

Aimed at younger audiences, this video shows a wide range of chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) behaviors including: vocalizing, climbing, walking, parenting, greeting, grooming, eating, play, investigation of a dead mouse, assurance behaviors (patting, kissing), nest building, yawning and sleeping. Males are shown displaying by charging, branch shaking and throwing things. Interactions between chimps and baboons occur as the adult male chimps hunt young baboons for food, and are seen eating their prey. Tool use is shown by chimps who strip vines and use blades of grass as fishing tools to retrieve termites from their nest, and by chewing leaves to create a drinking sponge.

VT0170 A Question of Respect
Produced by the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and Varied Directions, Inc.
VHS; col., sd.; 11 min.: 1989

This program questions the use of animals in laboratory experiments and consumer product testing, and examines alternatives such as computer simulations. Washoe the chimp is seen learning sign language from the Gardners in 1966, and later teaching it to a younger chimp named Louis. Chimpanzees (Pantroglodytes) are shown yawning, climbing, playing, carrying young, and performing sign language.

VT0183 Introduction to Chimpanzee Behavior
Produced and distributed by the National Geographic Society
VHS; col., sd.; 23 min.: 1977

This tape opens with a brief interview with Dr. Louis Leakey discussing the importance of studying chimpanzee behavior, and a brief history of Dr. Jane Goodall's research at Gombe National Park. Chimpanzee behaviors shown are troop movement, climbing, greeting (hugging), nest building, yawning, aggression, play with human, parenting, social and solitary play, rough and tumble play, self-grooming and social grooming, charging display by adult males, vocalizing (seen and heard), fighting, reassurance gestures, submission gestures (presenting, bobbing), rain posture, rain displaying, branch shaking and swaggering courtship gestures, tool use, and meat eating.

VT0185 Tool Using
Produced and distributed by the National Geographic Society
VHS; col., sd.; 23 min.: 1976

Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) are shown to use objects in a variety of ways. Displaying adult males use objects to enhance their display through branch shaking or throwing branches and rocks. Chimps use leaves to clean their hands of sticky fruit juice. Grass stems, vines and twigs may be stripped and used as fishing tools to reach into termite tunnels. Leaves can be chewed into a sponge to reach water in hollow trunks or logs. Chimps try to use known tools to solve new problems, such as opening a banana box in Dr. Goodall's camp. The knowledge of chimpanzee tool using is passed on by observational learning of the infants. Jane Goodall defines a tool as the extension of the hand or foot used to achieve a goal. Other chimpanzee behaviors seen: eating, nest building, social grooming, play, using branch as club, fighting between chimps and baboons, parenting (punishing, tickling), presenting, yawning. There is also a short examination of the chimp's precision grip.

DVD 0066 / VT0197 Amazon, Land of the Flooded Forest
Produced by the National Geographic Society and WQED, Pittsburgh
VHS; col., sd.; 57 min.: 1990

The Amazon River basin is one of the last great wetland frontiers with a vast variety of wildlife including over 2000 species of fish and 900 species of birds. Many primates dwell in this region including the rare white bald uakari (Cacajao calvus) seen feeding on fruit, and showing coloration of face and lack of tail; the howler monkey (Alouatta) seen feeding and climbing, and heard vocalizing; the emperor tamarin (Saguinus imperator) seen hunting and eating a mantis; owl monkey (Aotus triviragtus) seen feeding on fruit and climbing and heard vocalizing; and the pygmy marmoset (Cebeulla pygmaea) seen feeding on an insect and chewing through tree bark to eat tree sap. Other animals shown include stringrays, river dolphins, sloth (seen swimming), varieties of fruit-eating fish, piranha, giant river turtles. Much of this program is also dedicated to showing the lives of the peasants who survive from the abundance of food provided by the Amazon River, and the interference of those who would upset the ecosystem of the Amazon through the development of farming land and construction of hydroelectric dams. Narrated by William Shatner and naturalist Michael Goulding.

VT0198 Howler Monkeys of Barro Colorado Island
Produced by C. R. Carpenter and D. P. Duvall, Pennsylvania State University.
VHS; b&w, sd.; 27 min: 1960

This video reports on a 1959 field study and census of a black howler monkey (Alouatta palliata) population in its natural habitat on Barro Colorado Island, Panama Canal Zone, showing environment, observation procedures,locomotion, sexual behavior, manipulation, group composition and movement,young at play, feeding on leaves, sleeping postures, aggression (branch dropping), use of prehensile tail, maternal behavior, age and sex differences, and vocalization. The commentary of this piece also describes territoriality and group interactions. The narration is very quiet, and is sometimes shrouded by howler calls.

VT0216 Baboons (Zoo Animals in the Wild series)
Produced by Coronet Instructional Media. Photography by Bill Burrud Productions. Distributed by Coronet Film and Video, 108 Wilmot Road, Deerfield, IL 60015
VHS; col., sd.; 7 min.: 1981

This program, aimed at a younger audience, follows a baboon troop and it searches for food and avoids predators. Baboons are shown foraging on the ground and in trees, yawning, fighting and chasing, parenting, at play, grooming, climbing and leaping in trees, eating tree sap, and approaching and drinking from waterhole.

VT0231 The Monkeys of Mysore: A South Indian Primate Society
Produced by Extension Media Center, University Of California. Distributed by Univ. of Cal. - Berkeley, 2223 Fulton St., Berkeley, CA 94720
VHS; col., sd.; 19 min.: 1966

Illustrates the activities and habits of the bonnet macaque (Macaca radiata) within the range of the Godaveri River in India to Cape Commerin. Discusses their social system and dominance structure and how they affect life within a troop, and child development. Dominance is shown to be based upon gender, body and canine size, and the animal's ability to form alliances. Behaviors depicted include feeding in trees, foraging for insects on ground, play by all ages, fighting and threat, sleeping, grooming, sunning in trees, and sexual activity within the troop. Some vocalizations may be heard.

VT0245 Among Mountain Gorillas
Produced by Alan Goodall, EDU, Paisley College, Scotland
VHS (NTSC + PAL); col., sd.; 50 min.: 1990

This program provides a view of the daily lives of three groups of mountain gorillas (G. g. beringei) in differing montane vegetation zones in Rwanda. Dr. Goodall discusses the gorillas' feeding behavior, troop composition, and hierarchy. He shows how individuals can be identified by their nose shapes. Gorilla behaviors shown: foraging, feeding, climbing trees, troop movement, resting, grooming, parenting, nursing, juvenile play, adult male play, aggression between two adult females, urination, sexual play, chest beating, and sexual behavior. Vocalizations can be heard including the "pig grunt", "scream" by aggressive females, "growl" and "singing".

VT0249 Hope
Produced and distributed by Foundation for Biomedical Research, 818 Connecticut Ave. NW, Washington DC 20006. Phone: 202-457-0654
VHS; col., sd.; 17 min.: 1990 w/ discussion booklet

Dr. Judson Randolph, pediatric surgeon, introduces three families, and discusses how the use of animals in medical research has affected the treatment of children in these families.

VT0250 Animal Families: The Monkey
Produced and distributed by Barr Films, 1201 Schabarum Avenue, PO Box 7878, Irwindale,CA 91706-7878. Phone:(818) 338-7878. Copyright 1986 by Video Japonica.
VHS; col., sd.; 11 min.: 1986

Explores the life of the macaque -- the use of fingers and thumbs to manipulate food and to groom one another; feeding habits; climbing ability; social organization; a degree of intelligence that enables simple problem solving; and parental care. This film illustrates the macaques' food and habitats, and follows the troop's movement from highland forests to lower elevations. Intended for a young audience, with musical soundtrack. Behaviors seens include: climbing trees, feeding on berries, troop movement, play by infants (including rough-and-tumble play), scratching, grooming, carrying infants, drinking from stream, and use of hands to manipulate items.

VT0258 Baboon Social Organization
Produced by the Dept. of Anthropology, and University Extension, Univ of Cal.-Berkeley, 2223 Fulton St., Berkeley, CA 94720
VHS; col., sd.; 17 min.: 1963

Examines the social organization of a "model" wild baboon troop (Papio) indicating that the baboon is a social animal and troop members are highly interdependent. Attempts to analyze nature of this sociability and show its relation to baboon ecology. Reveals the hierarchy and methods of protecting the weak during the daily activities of the troop. Shows such concepts as central and peripheral males, changes in female mark related to reproductive condition, dominance hierarchy, and relationships among juvenile peers. Specific behaviors shown include play within peer groups (including rough and tumble play), group members attracted to newborn, and mother's protection of newborn, maternal rejection of older infant, juvenile recruiting support from mother in an aggressive situation, aggressive threats and chases, grooming, troop movement and foraging. This film is appropriate for introductory courses, including pre-college level, providing a good introduction to primate social organization illustrated through the footage of one species. Although the film is narrated, the baboon footage is silent.

VT0259 Baboon Behavior
Produced by the Dept. of Anthropology and Extension Media Center, University of California - Berkeley. Distributed by the Extension Media Center.
VHS; col., sd.; 31 min: 1960

Shows the many facets of baboon (Papio) ecology and social behavior. Filmed in their natural environment of the Nairobi National Park, it traces the development from infant, through juvenile, to adult behavior patterns. This program explores the troop and emphasizes factors that foster social cohesion among the various ages and between the sexes. It also examines the relationship between baboons and other species such as the impala and the lion. Behaviors shown include food preparation, feeding by a handicapped individual, use of water holes and sleeping trees. Social behaviors include infant play, carrying infants (dorsal and ventral), juvenile play (including play fighting), presenting and grooming. Sexual behaviors include presenting and consort pairs. Behaviors associated with dominance include supplanting, yawning, aggression (chase, threat), redirected aggression and coalition formation. Various food sources for this baboon troop are shown, incluidng grass and parts of the acacia tree.

VT0260 Baboon Ecology
Produced by Dept. of Anthropology and Media Extension Center, Univ of Cal. - Berkeley, 2223 Fulton St., Berkeley, CA 94720
VHS; col., sd.; 21 min: 1962

This video explores the daily life cycle of savannah dwelling baboons (Papio), the varieties of relationships between them and other animals. It explains their interdependence with several other animal species (gnus, impalas, waterbuck, rhino, elephants) and their susceptibility to predators (cheetah, leopards, lions). The concept of home ranges is depicted, and the essential features of a core area, through the use of charts. Baboon behaviors shown include feeding, climbing into trees, and retreating from observers.

VT0262 What Do Primatologists Do: Fieldwork in Borneo
Produced by Dr. Anne Zeller, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
VHS; col., sd.; 52 min.: 1991

As an introduction for those interested in primatology and field work research, Dr. Zeller discusses her 5-month field work experience in Borneo studying cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis). She stayed at the orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) rehabilitation center run by Dr. Birute Galdikas. Dr. Zeller discusses the conditions of living in the jungle, dress and equipment required for exploration in the Bornean jungle, and some of the hazards of field work. Slides in this video piece show cynomolgus macaques grooming, feeding on rice, aggression between adult male and juveniles, and threat between cynomolgus and orangutans. Orangutan slides include nesting, parenting, imitative behavior, play, climbing, sexual behavior, use of stick to ward off a wild pig, use of sign language, interaction with humans, playing in water, play with a young Macaca nemestrina, and feeding. There are also short video segments showing an adult male eating sugar cane, and play between mother and infant.

VT0269 Keepers of the Forest
Produced by Norman Lippman; Mayan Society of St. Louis; KETC St. Louis; the St. Louis Ambassadors of Arts and Fountains Foundation. Distributed by Umbrella Films, 60 Blake Rd., Brookline, MA 02146
VHS; col.; sd.; 28 min.; 1985

This film examines agriculture and forestry practices as well as settlement patterns and how they affect the tropical rainforest. Using the example of the farming done by Lacondon people, who live in the Lacondon jungle, the film suggests ways in which people can live in and be supported by the rainforest and establishes that this alternative method may prevent further loss of this ecosystem.

VT0270 Koko's Kitten
Produced by Churchill Films and the Gorilla Foundation
VHS; sd; col; 16.5 min; 1989

Based on the book by Francine Patterson, this film depicts the story of KoKo the gorilla, and her love for her pet kitten All-Ball. Filmed in live action, the film also shows KoKo communicating in sign language to the people who surround her.

VT0276 Sing Jai (Little Star): A Monkey of Kowloon
Produced by Frances D. Burton, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Toronto - Scarborough, Toronto, Ont, CANADA
VHS; col, sd.; 6 min,: 1988?

Sing Jai is an infant macaque born of a Macaca thibetana mother in southern China in the province of Kowloon. He typifies the life of an infant monkey in this industrial area. He is seen leaping through trees, eating bark and insects, play fighting, grooming, and encountering humans. Sing Jai was blinded in one eye during an encounter with a frightened human. Other macaques are shown in groups, and in aggressive situations (fighting, chasing) brought on by stressful circumstances. The language in this film is simple, and easily understood by viewers of all ages.

VT0282 Activity Characteristics of Gibbons (Hylobates lar) Part III: Social Behavior
Produced by C. R. Carpenter, Pennsylvania State University. Distributed by Penn State Audio-Visual Services.
VHS; col., sd.; 17 min: 1974

Social behavior in young adult gibbons (Hylobates lar) on Hall's Island is observed. Behavioral components of play include wrestling, chasing, play biting, play face, spinning and somersaulting. Play is shown to be both social and individual, and takes up one-third of the gibbons' waking day. Communicative behavior patterns are shown during interactions and pair formation. This film shows use of core of territorial ranges as pair and/or individual sleeping sites. Examples of vocalizations are also shown and heard.

VT0287 Monkeys and Apes: An Introduction to the Primates
Produced by Paul Burnford Film Productions, 9417 W. Pico Blvd., Los Angeles, CA. Distributed by Phoenix/BFA Films and Video; 470 Park Ave S., New York, NY 10016, (800) 221-1274
VHS; col., sd.; 11 min.: 1965

A grade school level discussion of monkeys and apes describing their body and facial characteristics, where they live, how they move, and the variety of foods they eat. Species shown include squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus, climbing and eating); Uakari (Cacajao calvus, swinging on branch, eating leaves); Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus, chewing on twig, close-up of hands); Chimpanzee (Pan, eating); Lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia); Spot-nosed guenon (Cercopithecus petaurista); Gorilla (close-up of hands); Macaque (swimming, foraging in water); Proboscis monkey; Howler monkey (climbing, use of prehensile tail).

VT0289 Behavior of the Macaques of Japan: The Macaca fuscata of Takasakiyama and Koshima Colonies
Produced by C. R. Carpenter, Penn State University. Distributed by Penn State Audio-Visual Services.
VHS; col.,sd.; 28 min.: 1969

Three groups of the Takasakiyama colony of have distinct territorial ranges but rotate use of common feeding ground and temple grove. Social organization is reflected in spatial distribution patterns. Communication by adult males through branch shaking sentinel-tree signaling regulates intergroup and intragroup actions. Mother-infant conditioning through positive and negative reinforcement, adaptive learning, and grooming are shown. Animals of the Koshima colony transmit learned behavior of washing potatoes to infants and juveniles. Some have also learned to separate wheat from sand using pools of water. Infants exhibit distress cry vocalization, and play. Juvenile play is also shown, though as the animal gets older, it plays less. An adult female cares for an infant which has been dead for several days, and an adult male adopts and cares for an infant. As the Koshima colony continues to grow, fighting over resources begins. Some Koshima animals are born malformed.

VT0292 Snow Monkeys of Japan (aka Extinct Is Forever)
Produced by McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 330 Progress Ave., Scarborough, Ontario; Distributed by Aims Media, 6901 Woodley Ave, Van Nuys, CA 91406
VHS; col., sd.; 6 min.: 1975

Looks at the behavior and habitat of the Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata) in a monkey park in the Yakoya River district of Japan. Shows adaptation in order to play in the hot springs. Other behaviors shown include grooming, playing, washing of food, eating and maintenance of the social hierarchy.

VT0300 Conservation Biology and Natural Resource Management: Common Ground and New Directions
Produced by Student Television Productions, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO. Distributed by Dr. Richard Knight, Dept. of Fishery and Wildlife Biology, Colorado State University.
VHS; col., sd.; 40 min.: 1992

Conservation biology is defined as the need to study the world's biological diversity and the need to preserve it, encompassing the fields of forest science, wildlife biology, rain science and fisheries management. In this excerpt from a forum marking the inauguration of the Colorado State University Chapter of Conservation Biology, Dr. Thomas Lovejoy of the Smithsonian Institute and Dr. Stanley Temple of the University of Wisconsin address topics such as the origin and recent history of conservation biology, the relationship of conservation biology with traditional natural resources disciplines, and the role of students and professionals as advocates.

VT0307 The Environmental Tourist
Produced by The National Audubon Society. Distributed by PBS Video, 1320 Braddock Place, Alexandria, VA 22314-1698
VHS; col., sd.; 58 min.: 1992?

Join host Sam Waterston on a tour of three continents to explore the delicate balance that parklands must maintain to protect visitors and the visited. From Masai Mara Game Reserve in Kenya, where a research team works to develop solutions to tourist-induced devastation, to the sunny islands of Belize, where locals have developed environmental-friendly vacation trips, learn about the emerging business of ecotourism. Included in this video are many useful tips on how to enjoy wilderness areas without upsetting the environment.

VT0310 Paws
Produced by Video Communications, Office of Public Information, University of Arizona. Distributed by Animal Research Task Force, University Animal Care, 2205 E. Speedway, Tucson, AZ 85719
VHS; col., sd.; 14 min.: 1990 w/ curriculum guide

When two middle school students suggest different science projects involving animal research, their teacher sends them to a research lab to discuss the care of animals used in research, rules involving research, and the ethical questions involved. This program also introduces the steps in the scientific method.

VT0328 Ambassadors for Conservation
Produced by Sullivan Productions.
VHS; col., sd.; 10 min.: 1992

The natural habitat of the cottontop tamarin (Saguinus oedipus) is threatened as the Colombian rainforest is destroyed. To prevent the extinction of the tamarin, it is important for a commitment from the local level."Proyecto Titi" is a public awareness program implemented in the village of Colos, Colombia. Students' myths about tamarins are dispelled as they are taught about the biology and behavior of the tamarins and introduced to the rainforest. Twelve high school students were selected to work as field biologists, observing tamarins, and sharing this knowledge with younger students in a "kids teach kids" program. A cultural exchange program was also set up between the Coloso school and a school in Providence, RI to share knowledge of conservation efforts.

VT0333 Baby Gorillas: A Gorilla Family Portrait
Produced by WCHM-TV, Columbus, OH and Wildsight Productions Inc.
VHS; col., sd.; 57 min.: 1991

Keepers at the Columbus Zoo are involved in a new movement allowing baby gorillas to be mother-raised in the group environment rather than nursery-raised by humans. Some young gorillas need nursery care, but are returned to the group under the care of surrogate mothers. This program describes the management techniques of the Columbus Zoo great apes program in infant rearing, birth protocol and group management. It follows the birth of an infant through the process of evaluating maternal behavior and deciding what course to take for the best care of the infant. Also provided is a history of the gorillas in the Columbus Zoo, started with the first gorillas in 1951. Gorillas are shown parenting (nursing, fathering, giving birth), playing, charging, and chest beating.

VT0334 Koko - A Talking Gorilla
Produced by Les Films Du Losange. Distributed by Warner Home Video.
VHS; col., sd.; 81 min.: 1978

Koko, a 6-year old female gorilla has a vocabulary of approximately 350 words, includes asking for drink, food and tickle. A young male gorilla, Michael, is introduced as her prospective mate. There is a dramatic confrontation with the San Francisco Zoo director who tries, and fails, to reacquire Koko from her foster mother, Dr. Penny Paterson. There is a discussion about human language and animal communication. Dr. Roger Fouts addresses how language influences the theory of human evolution. The film also argues what rights Koko should have in human society. Koko is seen signing, climbing, and playing with Michael. Koko is also learning to use a "talking computer". Also seen briefly are a captive gorilla group at the San Francisco Zoo, and mountain gorillas (G. g. beringei) in the wild.

VT0336 Meshie, The Child of a Chimpanzee
Distributed by the library of the American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th St., New York, NY 10024
VHS; b&w, silent; 45 min.: circa 1929

This film records, in the informal style of a home movie, some of a young chimpanzee's (Pan troglodytes) activities while raised in the Ravens'home. She plays with a hose, joins in games with the Raven children, manipulates tools, encounters snakes and mice, writes with a pencil, eats with a spoon, rides a tricycle and feeds a human infant. Learning tool manipulation and building ground nests indicate the complex interaction of learning and genetic programming in determining the behavior of primates. Of historical importance as one of the first films on raising a young chimpanzee with humans.

VT0340 At Home... In The Rainforest
Produced by Robin James, Children's and Educational TV, Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Distributed by Landmark Films, 3459 Slade Run Drive, Falls Church, VA 22042, (800) 342-4336
VHS; col., sd.; 15 min.: 1989

In a program aimed at a young audience, forest ranger Tina Dalton guides the viewer through the multilayers of the tropical rainforest, examining the plant and animal life. Animal species shown include panda snail, opossum, frog, python, insects, and the scrub turkey. Plants include the strangler fig and stinging tree, with footage of plants in competition for resources.

VT0353 Isla Tigre: An Island For Tamarins
Produced and distributed by Dennis Rasmussen VHS; col., sd.; 64 min.: 1993

Rufous-naped tamarins (Saguinus geoffreyi) are the subjects of a behavioral and ecological study on the Panamanian island of Isla Tigre on Lake Gatun. The tamarins are shown scent marking, leaping, climbing, feeding on a caterpillar and heard and seen vocalizing. Some locomotion is shown in slow motion. One individual is shown scanning his environment for predatory hawks and eagles. The last half-hour shows a juvenile male tamarin being reintroduced into the wild. He is shown being acclimated to his new environment, exploring when he is finally released, and encountering other wild tamarins. Methods and equipment used by the researchers are shown shown and described, including tracking and computer equipment. Also briefly seen: Aotus trivirgatus.

VT0358 Koko's Story
Produced by Denise Yamada, KNSD-TV, 8330 Engineer Road, San Diego, CA 92171
VHS; col., sd.; 18 min.: 1990

Koko carries on conversations in sign language, studies her reflection in a mirror identifying herself, gently cradles a tiny kitten, hugs her human friends, shows delight while being spun on a stool, and talks about feeling with Dr. Penny Patterson. Examples of artwork by gorillas Michael and Koko are shown.

VT0364 Jane Goodall Presents "My Life With The Chimps"
Produced and distributed by the Madison Metropolitan School District, Department of Media, Information and Communication, Madison, WI
VHS; col., sd.; 48 min.: 1993

In a slide lecture filmed at West High School, Jane Goodall discusses her start in the sciences and the results of her years of studying chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) behavior. Slides show aggression, submission and reassurance, tool use, charging (bluff) display, and play. Goodall also discusses the poor conditions endured by many chimps in captivity as pets, animals in entertainment, or as medical research subjects. The future existence of chimpanzees is also threatened as their habitat is destroyed, and the animals are hunted for foods and as pets.

DVD 0044 / VT0380 Swinging Safari
Produced by National Geographic. Distributed by Columbia Tristar Home Video
VHS; col., sd.; 44 min.: 1993

From the Serengeti Desert to the Kalahari Plain, experience the amazing ways that animals like cheetahs, crocodiles, rhinos and elephants survive. It's the wild spirit of African animals captured by the world's finest filmmakers - plus exciting music videos too. Narrated by Dudley Moore. Intended for children ages 4-10. Bushbabies (Galago) are shown capturing a moth for food, eating tree gum, leaping between trees, carrying baby in mouth, and climbing. Chimpanzees (Pantroglodytes) are shown vocalizing, grooming, sleeping in nest, termite fishing (tool use), and cracking nuts with stone hammers. Their social behavior is examined, showing aggressive and positive social behavior. The black and white colobus (C. abyssinicus) is seen feeding, leaping through trees, and calling alarm vocalizations. Aunting is shown as one female takes an infant from another. Seen briefly are the gorilla and baboon (Papio). Other animals shown are the lion, zebra, meerkat, rhino and elephant.

VT0394 Pan troglodytes (Pongidae) - Fishing of Termites
Produced by I. Eibel-Eibesfeldt and Jane Goodall. Distributed by the Institut fur den Wissenschaftlichen Film, Gottingen, Germany
VHS; col., silent, 22 min.: 1987

Termites are an important source of protein for chimpanzees. Chimps catch termites by using probes made of vines, grass or twigs, inserting these probes into termite tunnels. The large soldiers attack the probes, bite into them, and can be pulled out by the chimp and eaten. Chimps carefully select their tools and prepare them for their purpose by stripping off attached leaves and small twigs to form a straight probe. The tool is also shortened to the right length. Functional termite fishing seems to be learned. Youngsters carefully observe their mothers doing this activity. This film observes a young female who fishes for the first time. While fishing for termites, chimpanzees proceed very patiently without losing their temper when unsuccessful. Here the ability to detach agnostic emotions from behavior - also observed in play behavior - seems further developed.

VT0412 A Jungle For Joey
Distributed by AIMS Media, 9710 DeSoto Ave., Chatsworth, CA 91311-4409. Phone: (800) 367-2467.
VHS; col., sd.; 9 min.: ?

Joey is a young, happy orangutan until some careless humans start a fire that destroys his jungle home. Joey wanders lost and afraid until he reaches an Orangutan Project where he's reunited with family and friends. Aimed at a preschool or intermediate audience.

VT0417 Animal Cunning
Produced by Greg Grainger, A Grainger Maynard Production.
VHS; col., sd.; 44 min.: 1995

How smart are animals? Filmmaker Greg Grainger examines the studies of animal intelligence across a range of different animals. These animals include: Shamu the killer whale, Alex the African gray parrot; sheepdogs and domestic dogs; dolphins (shown communicating with human through a gestural language and interacting with autistic children); elephants (discussing long-range memory); polar bears and leopards. Primates examined: pygmy marmosets (Cebuella pygmaea) with Dr. John Hearn of the WRPRC discussing how marmosets communicate; orangutans (Pongopygmaeus) shown playing with humans and using a feeder consisting of a false termite mound filled with peanut butter; and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)observed attempting to crack open a coconut, and extract termites from an artificial termite mound, with a discussion of culture in the chimpanzee society. In the leopard segment, agitated vervets are shown giving an alarm call vocalization.

VT0423 Monkey Moves
Produced by Dr. Stephen Rosenholtz. Distributed by Rosewood Publications, 2075 Pioneer Court, San Mateo, CA 94403, Phone: 415-343-7288, Fax: 415-343-3346
VHS; col., sd.; 26 min.: 1994

This jazzy musical exercise program for children incorporates the movement of various primates through instructors dressed as the animals.

VT0450 The New Chimpanzees
Produced by the National Geographic Society, 1145 17th Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20036-4688. Distributed by the National Geographic Society, PO Box 5073, Clifton, NJ 07015-5073
VHS: col., sd.; 55 min.: 1995

Recent studies of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) reveal their apparent understanding that certain plants may have medicinal properties, the practices of territorial warfare and coordinated hunting of colobus monkeys, and emotional displays such as loneliness and rapture. Thanks to multi-generational studies, we have a new understanding of the intricate social hierarchies and unique cultures of the chimpanzee and bonobo (Panpaniscus). Narrated by actress Linda Hunt, this videotape examines the studies of Takayoshi Kano (bonobos in Tanzania), Charlotte Uhrbrook (communication), Christopher Boesch (chimps in the Tai forest of Ivory Coast). Behaviors shown include fishing for ants, using tools to crack open nuts, learning tool use from mother, displays by male chimp and female bonobo, vocalizing, eating fruit, social grooming, formation of a hunting party, play, child abduction and infanticide, awareness of death, bipedal movement, gestural communication, and use of sex by bonobos to diffuse aggression.

VT0453 Living With Chimpanzees: Portrait of a Family
Produced by Flavia Fontes. Distributed by Filmakers Library, 124 East 40th Street, New York, NY 10016, Phone: 212-808-4980
VHS; col., sd.; 52 min.: 1994?

Roberta and Phil have adopted two chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) named Charlie and Casey. This video shows the joys and challenges of life with our closest primate relatives. It investigates chimps' adaptive abilities, amazing mental abilities, and the bond that can exist between chimpanzees and humans. The chimps behave as surrogate children, dining at the table with less than perfect table manners, watching tv, playing ball games, and walking in the woods with their human caretakers. The filmmaker lived with this unusual family for 3 years to capture such footage as Charlie learning to use keys, painting pictures and throwing kisses at a friendly voice on the telephone. It shows the intimate and affectionate interactions of man and chimp in day-to-day life.

VT0479 Animals and Me: Eating
Produced by Small World Productions, PO Box 221, Cambridge, MA 02140. Phone: 800-495-7260
VHS; col., sd.: 29 min.: 1994

Children's video exams the eating habits of elephants, bears and chimpanzees. The 8 minute segment on chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) shows tree climbing, drinking water with cupped hand, parenting, play, grooming, aggression and reconciliation. Infants are shown learning how and what to eat from their parents. Tool use shown includes termite fishing and cracking nuts with stone hammers. The chimps are seen eating a variety of different foods.

VT0488 Gorilla: Tender Giants
Produced by Surival Anglia for the Discovery Channel. Copyright by Discovery Communications, Inc.
VHS; col., sd.; 60 min.: 1996

Follow a family of Western lowland gorillas in the Kahuzi-Biega National Park in the Congo, as they are constantly on the move looking for food. Gorilla behaviors shown include feeding, foraging, parenting, climbing trees, reacting to intruder (a lone silverback on the prowl), resting, grooming and chest-beating. The family is shown helping a juvenile who has a hand injured in a poacher's snare. The gorillas are also seen foraging through a marsh. Some comparisons are drawn between the Western and Eastern lowlands, including fur color of the Western. Also seen are black-and-white colobus monkeys eating shoots on the ground near the marsh.